The ‘Canaanites’ World (a short History)

For more on Canaanite history:


“Name of Phoenicia-Palestine before the coming of the Hebrews, who, led by Abraham around 1790 b.c.e., saw this as the land promised to them by ‘God’ [Israel’s ‘Elohiym]. The name Canaan comes from the word kinahu, which means a region where the population has mastered the technique of purple dyeing. According to Biblical tradition, the Israelites established themselves in the land of Canaan after leaving Egypt twice: the first time led by Abraham, around 1800 b.c.e., the second by Moses, five hundred years later. From this later date, the Hebrews lived there in stable settlements until the breakup of the Kingdom of Judah. Many cities were built in the natural highlands of the country, including Megiddo, Hebron, Sh’khem (Nablus), Gezer, and Salem (Jerusalem, Urusalimu). Although they had sworn loyalty to the religion of Moses, some Hebrews borrowed religious customs from the Canaanites, even worshipping their ‘gods’ [‘eloah], such as ‘Baal’ [Lord, Owner] and ‘Astarte’ [Wife of the so-called Lord, a fertility consort of the ‘Lord’ (Baal), etc…]. Toward the year 1004 b.c.e., David conquered the city of Salem, inhabited by the Jebuseans, and under the name of Jerusalem made it the capital of the kingdom of Israel. The reign of Solomon (968–928 b.c.e.) marked the apogee of Israelite royalty, exemplified by the construction of the Temple, which housed the Ark of the Covenant.

According to the Bible, Canaan was the son of Shem and the eponymous ancestor of the Canaanites.”


Strong’s Hebrew Lexicon:

G-d (‘El or ‘Elohiym): 430 ‘elohiym el-o-heem’ plural of 433; gods in the ordinary sense; but specifically used (in the plural thus, especially with the article) of the supreme God; occasionally applied by way of deference to magistrates; and sometimes as a superlative:–angels, X exceeding, God (gods)(-dess, -ly), X (very) great, judges, X mighty.

Other Sources

Baal ( name Baal (bʿl) is a common Semitic appellative meaning “lord” that is used as a proper name for the West Semitic storm god in ancient Near Eastern texts ….

Astarte ( “A Canaanite goddess. In the texts of ugarit she plays the subordinate role of introducing adorers to baal. In the OT, however, she is interchanged repeatedly with Asera (Asherah), frequently associated with Baal, and is probably taken to be Baal’s wife. There is no agreement as to which goddess—Asera, Anath, or Astarte—was Baal’s consort. Astarte is the Greek form of the Hebrew ‘aštōret  ….”

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